ADDITIONAL PAGES

Why Being Labeled a "Lone Wolf" Gives Social Advantages to White Shooters


Story Highlights

  •  White Privilege leads to labeling white men who commit mass shootings as "Lone Wolves" rather than terrorists. 
  • Being labeled as a "terrorist" makes a significant difference in who the shooter along with others in their demographics are perceived.
  • Perception of "terrorist"evolves into irrational fear of the minority groups, because of the blow back it has on other innocent people who may identify with characteristics of the shooter. 

Self Monitoring and Impulsiveness Shown to be Main Cause of Negative Social Media Postings

  • Study outlines the differences in self monitoring and impulsiveness in individuals social media postings.
  • In comparing British and Italian subjects, results found that British participants were more likely to post negative content related to alcohol and drug use whereas Italians were more likely to post negative comments. 
  • Regardless of deliberate/impulsive actions and nationality, highly risky posting behavior was positively correlated to high self monitoring and impulsiveness

Suicide Risk in College Students Linked to Excessive Usage of Drugs and Internet Addiction

Story Highlights:

  • Drug use negatively affects the mental health of youth, one such being an increase in suicidal tendencies.
  • Males are more likely to be addicted to the internet as well as use drugs more often than females.
  • Alcohol use leads to an increase in drug use and internet addiction, thus serving as an indirect factor in youth suicide risk.

study conducted by the Ahi Evran University in Turkey found that college age students (18-22) are at an increased risk for suicide if they engage in behavioral risks such as overconsumption of internet and drugs. 

The study found that drug use results in the mental deterioration of youth, thus leading to issues such as loneliness, depression and suicidal ideation. Usage of drugs leads many youth to abandon their sense of reality and cut ties with normal life, leading to struggles of isolation and in turn, thoughts of suicide.






In regards to internet use, students who spend more time online have a harder time fulfilling their academic and social responsibilities which causes them to become overwhelmed with stress and therefore less able to succeed in life.
Students who find unpleasant content on the internet are negatively affected as their perception of certain events and the world that these events takes place in shapes how they feel.

Internet addicted students wrap themselves in content that caters to their interests, mostly, except for when their attention is caught by something polar opposite. In the same way drivers can't look away from a car crash, internet addicted students find themselves heading towards content that may be outlandish or flat-out depressing, but they are so wrapped up in the technology that they can't look away. Exposure to this type of content leads them to engage in risky behaviors as an attempt to cope but many are unsuccessful.

While gender does not play a direct role in suicide risk, other factors are at play. Males tend to use drugs and the internet at a higher rate than that of females, causing an increased risk in youth males. 

Another indirect factor is that of alcohol use, which does not directly lead to an increased risk in suicide but does increase activity online and with drugs.

Collection of data for the 975 students whom participated in the study was done through two scales, the University Form of Risk Behaviors Scale (UFRBS) and the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS). The UFRBS was comprised of 60 items examining dimensions such as drug use, alcohol use, antisocial behaviors, feeding habits and dropping out, all scored on a five-level Likert scale. High scores in a certain dimension indicate increased risks for that dimension. The IAS consisted of 20 items scored 1-6, with high scores indicating internet addiction. 

With technology becoming more ever-present, young students are becoming increasingly likely to detach from reality and rely purely on what grants them instant satisfaction, such as spending hours online, using drugs and drinking alcohol. With so many risk behaviors present in the lives of youth, it is difficult to protect them from falling victim to at least one. Furthermore, risk behaviors tend to be connected, and for youth to be exposed to one will likely lead them to be exposed to others, thus creating an unsafe environment and one that will push the student towards thoughts of suicide.

Carmelo Anthony ranked below Lonzo Ball in NBA rankings, Most fans are outraged



Story highlights:

























  • Carmelo Anthony fell from the NBA top 50 ranking
  • Lonzo Ball a rookie, gets ranked before Carmelo prior to playing his first NBA game
  • Players and Fans react negatively to this

ESPN has just recently concluded its annual NBA player ranking, and many are curious as to why this year’s player rankings is one of the most criticized in recent history. To start, the largest story coming out of this ranking is the demotion of Carmelo Anthony. Anthony, who has been a top 50 player all of his career has been marked at #63 in the league this year after putting up similar statistics to his last 5 seasons. Carmelo is a 10 time NBA all-star and a 3 time Olympic gold medalist making him one of the most decorated players to ever step on the court. His fall from the top 50 hints that his career is on the decline when in reality he can still compete on the highest level and has averaged over 20 points per game in every season of his career.

While being ranked 63 offended Carmelo, being placed behind a rookie who hasn’t played a single game hurt him more. The rookie I am referring to is Lonzo Ball, a LA Laker who previously led his college team UCLA to the best season they’ve had in years. Over the span of his college season, Lonzo ball began growing in popularity to the point where he and his father Lavar ball were essentially household names. Coming into the league, he is easily the most famous of his freshman class and took the summer league MVP award. While his accomplishments are impressive, he has still yet to play a full NBA game thus ranking him over Carmelo Anthony, a veteran of over 10 years is deemed by many as extremely disrespectful.

After thousands of tweets from angry fans, confused commentators, and astounded analysts, Carmelo Anthony broke his silence on the topic and addressed it in a tweet. He stated that he, like many basketball fans thought the list was disrespectful and he was having a hard time making sense of it. Along with Carmelo, CJ McCollum took to twitter stating, “We need to start ranking these weak ass journalists.”  This really displayed the attention professional athletes pay to external criticism and how often they feel a disconnect with media.


Athletes reacting to external criticism has been shown time and time again in the world of sports. It was displayed when LeBron and Stephen A Smith got into a debate over false information being reported when Kyrie Irving got traded. Because they are frequently under the microscope many of them feel the need to defend their image or name from what is being spread throughout the media. Professional athletes have feelings like everyone else and with players like Kevin Durant in the league, it is becoming more and more likely to see players responding to negative articles and press. When Kevin Durant moved to Golden State people cursed him calling him a slew of names ranging from traitor, to bandwagon, to snake, and many more less appropriate ones. Kevin Durant responded to all of this criticism and hate with a pair of shoes he designed that have all of his accomplishments written over quotes of what naysayers said about him on the sides. All in all, athletes see articles the same way we do and seeing them react like humans should not be a surprise to people.

Thoughts on Carmelo Anthony from ismael on Vimeo.

Study suggests that being a female can contribute to consuming a healthier diet as opposed to being male

Story Highlights:

  • Fruits and vegetables are major contributors to a balanced and healthy diet
  • Factors including gender, age, socio-economic status, and home availability have been found to effect fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Girls and young children are more likely to eat a healthy, balanced diet

Undergraduates' risky posts on social media may cause difficulty to get a job with future employers

Story Highlights:

  • Young adults are posting risky and inappropriate content such as alcohol, drugs, and nudity on social media. 
  • Those who spend more time on social media post riskier content. 
  • Adolescents from different countries post an equal amount of risky content, but the type of content varies. 

Study suggest nomophobia can be traced through usage and dependability of smartphones.

Story Highlights:

  • Nomophobia is increasing as smartphone usage continues to rise.
  • Nomophobia is caused by a heavy dependability and attachment to smartphones
  • Study mainly consisted of participants in their 20's, shows how a younger audience may be more likely to show symptoms of nomophobia.

Inappropriate Social Media Use by Adolescents Suggests Need for Increased Filtering

Story Highlights:

  • The driving forces behind the post of many adolescents are impulsiveness and self-monitoring
  • More adolescents have started posting about themselves conducting inappropriate behavior in order to appear as in line with social values and norms created by cyber-cultures

  • Employers have begun to check the social media pages of possible, future employees for inappropriate conduct and behaviors

Technology in the classroom can improve student performances

  • Technology is changing the traditional classroom
  • Study finds student prefer integrating technology into the classroom 
  • Results suggest there is more than one path for optimal exam performance 
Image result for technology in the classroom and student performance
The technology has changed big time over the years starting from the chalk boards and now the have computers to do everything. For example when I was in elementary school I did not have any technology in my classes, we used straight pen and paper. Now they use a lot more technology in all classrooms even in the elementary schools now. The problem teachers are having is being able to integrate the new technology in the schools and in the classrooms.


Researchers recently looked at the extent to which students access and use technology resources and whether using technology to prepare is superior to traditional learning methods and exam performances.  This study examines students use of technology for learning retaliative to more traditional learning methods and the effect on exam performances in class. 79 undergraduate students participated in the study and were require to complete a online survey. Throughout the semester the professor kept a record of attendance and exams score average.



Overall they found that the majority of the students are integrating technology into their course preparation and routine. Students are relying more on technology than reading chapters in a book before class. This information can be used for teachers to help them integrate more technology in the classroom to optimism student learning and performance.

















Positive Effects of Yoga Found in Study of Nursing Students


  • Nursing students can benefit from participating in yoga courses during their studies
  • Study looks at impact of yoga mindfulness, self compassion, empathy, resilience, and satisfaction with life. 
  • Participants in the yoga group showed significant improvement in self compassion and mindfulness 
Most people in college experience high levels of stress that can impact their psychological functioning. Nursing students may be under more stress and anxiety than other students. It's important that they find ways to manage the stress in a healthy way that doesn't impact their studies. Yoga has been referenced as a useful way to relieve stress and maintain physical and emotional well being.

Recently a study was done that looked at the differences between the psychological functioning between nursing students who took a yoga class for 8 weeks and those who didn't. 100 female nursing students between the ages 17 and 30 were included in the study. They were recruited from nursing school in India and were split into two groups. Half of them took a yoga class 5 days a week for one hour a day for 8 weeks, the other group continued with their normal schedules without a yoga class. Data were collected using sociodemographic sheets and five self-reported questionnaires. They measured mindfulness, resilience, self-compassion, life satisfaction, empathy, and perception of stress.

Image result for yoga dematha

Overall, their data revealed that the eight week yoga intervention was significantly effective in improving self compassion and mindfulness for the nursing students in this study. There were improvements among yoga participants for resilience and perceived stress levels.
This study can be used to help advocate for physical activity outlets, such as yoga, for students -specifically nursing students - that can be used to decrease stress levels. It would be interesting to see the impact of a meditation or yoga type class being required in high stress education programs such as nursing or medical school.


The more time you spend online, may increase your feeling of loneliness.



Story Highlights :

  • Intense internet usage can affect your mental health.
  • Relationships online are mostly platonic and face to face interactions prove to be higher compared to online relationships.
  • People who aren't confident in their identity typically spend more time online.

The internet is a medium that is not only beneficial for society but can also negatively impact Increased usage of this piece of technology has seen a rise in the duration of time spent online. Kraut, the psychologist leading a particular study wanted to explore the effects of the internet on the psyche and social impact on the users who frequent it. These individuals are classified under PIU which stand for, pathological internet use. Those with PIU were shown to be more vulnerable and were categorized to visit more adult sites, emotional help, and spend more time with like-minded individuals


Italians More Likely to Post Offensive Material Online Than British Due to Cultural Differences


STORY HIGHLIGHTS:
  • British are more likely to participate in risky social media activity out of personal enjoyment rather than defiance
  • A study that was conducted found that British culture scores high in Indulgence Factor while Italian culture scores high in Masculinity
  • Italian society more uptight and stringent than British

Swing States During U.S. Presidential Elections Can Be More Accurately Predicted By Looking At Each State's TV Show Ratings

Story Highlights:
  • Poll-driven predictions are no longer accurate enough to call the outcomes of recent political events
  • New big-data driven models are proving to be incredibly powerful, looking at non-traditional datasets like television show viewership at a geographic level
  • Predictive models are useful for politicians to understand their strengths and weaknesses spatially

Students in Great Britain Proven to be More Impulsive when Posting Online

Story Highlights:
  • Undergrads are posting things such as alcohol, private information, and even nudity.
  • Research shows that people from the UK and Italy show similarities between their posts.
  • Pressure to fit in usually affect the riskiness of the post.
People in Great Britain proven to be more impulsive. Italian undergrads would rather put out their own personal information.

Controls within the study were self-presentation measure and time spent online. This enabled the researchers to form a scale to relate risky posts with qualities of the people doing the posting. The study does acknowledge its own limitations in that it only examined the undergraduate students in Great Britain and Italy and does not account for the population in the rest of the world.

However, this study can be applied mostly anywhere. It concluded that while many youths post impulsively, they are often fully aware of what they are doing. This does not mean that they do not come to regret their decisions when they go in for their first interview. Young adults aren’t as focused on being employable in the future as they are about maintaining their “cool kid” reputation. It can only make you wonder: Is the photo of the glass of beer shared with friends really worth a life-long career?

While most social networking sites offer free subscriptions to its members, the long term effects could be ruining your entire financial future. A group more susceptible to these damaging sites is students, particularly college age. The temptation to post one’s every move is infecting undergrads across the globe. In today’s culture, a reputation is more important than a resume. Regardless of ones credentials, employers are still searching through their applicants’ social networking handles to ensure they are hiring a good all-around candidate. 

The real question is why? What is the reasoning for such an impulsive post? The University of Plymouth has the answers. They studied undergrads in the UK and Italy to monitor their postings on social media and what caused them. While it was shown that as a whole, the young people posted generally similar things, there were some difference. The study proved that British impulsivity was greater than that of the Italians. On the other hand, Italian’s had a greater sense of self-monitoring, meaning that they cared more about their image. British undergrads were more likely to post about alcohol and drug use, while the Italians focused more on exposing their own personal information and offensive posts.




White, C. M., Cutello, C. A., Gummerum, M., & Hanoch, Y. (2017). A Cross-Cultural Study of Risky Online Self-Presentation. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Melo ranked below Lonzo Ball, Players and Fans react


ESPN has just recently concluded its annual NBA ranking, and many are curious as to why this years player rankings is one of the most criticized in recent history. To start, the largest story coming out of this ranking is the demotion of Carmelo Anthony. Anthony, who has been a top 50 player all of his career has been marked at #63 in the league this year after putting up similar statistics to his last 5 seasons. Carmelo is a 10 time NBA all star and a 3 time Olympic gold medalist making him one of the most decorated players to ever step on the court. His fall from the top 50 hints that his career is on the decline when in reality he can still compete on the highest level and has averaged over 20 points per game in every season of his career. While the number alone offended Carmelo, being placed behind a rookie who hasn’t played a single game hurt him more. The rookie I am referring to is Lonzo Ball, a LA Laker who previously led his college team UCLA to the best season they’ve had in years. Over the span of his college season, Lonzo ball began growing in popularity to the point where he and his father Lavar ball were essentially household names. Coming into the league, he is easily the most famous of his freshman class and took the summer league MVP. While his accomplishments are impressive, he has still yet to play a full NBA game thus ranking him over Carmelo Anthony, a veteran of over 10 years is deemed by many as extremely disrespectful. After thousands of tweets from angry fans, confused commentators, and astounded analysts, Carmelo Anthony broke his silence on the topic and addressed it all in a tweet. He stated that he, like many basketball fans thought the list was disrespectful and he was having a hard time making sense of it. Along with Carmelo, CJ McCollum took to twitter stating, “We need to start ranking these weak ass journalists.”  This really displayed the attention professional athletes pay to external criticism and how often they feel a disconnect with media. This has been shown time and time again in the world of sports whether its LeBron and Stephen A Smith getting into debate over false information or its Marshawn lynch completely disregarding journalists questions for an entire interview. Because they are frequently under the microscope many of them feel the need to defend their image or name from what is being spread through out the media. Professional athletes have feelings like everyone else and with players like Kevin Durant in the league it is becoming more and more likely to see players responding to negative articles and press. When Kevin Durant moved to Golden State people cursed him calling him a slew of names from traitor, to bandwagon, to snake, and many more less appropriate ones. Kevin Durant responded to all of this criticism and hate with a pair of shoes that have all of his accomplishments written over what the naysayers said on the sides. All in all, athletes see articles the same way we do and seeing them react like humans should not be a surprise to people.

Not talking to children about sex can increase their chances of contracting HIV

Story Highlights
  • There are many barriers in parent-child communication about sex including socioeconomic status, age, education, or religion, thus creating a lecture conversation, rather than a two-way conversation.
  • There is a common belief that talking about contraceptives can lead to an increase in sexual activity, which is not true. Not talking about contraceptives can lead to increase risk of unplanned pregnancy and STDs.
  • Solely teaching abstinence hinders the sexual education that teens are receiving because they aren't being taught how to have safe sex.

Study finds physical activity courses helps reduce college student stress

  


  • New study finds physical activity courses help reduce stress for college students 
  • Researchers compared stress levels of over 1000 college students from two universities
  • Students get satisfaction from physical activity courses   
In a newly released study, researchers looked to find the impact physical activity courses had on student stress, and if the fact that the course was required for graduation impact its effect. They examined students from a university that offered but did not require physical activity classes for graduation and students from a university that offered and required physical activity classes for graduation. They looked at a total of 1243 college students from two universities and all participants were enrolled in a physical activity class.
  


The researchers developed a survey to measure the affects of physical activity on stress. The survey had eight open ended questions, two likert-type scale questions and one question asking about the number of activity classes taken. There were five categories of activity classes recorded: team (basketball, flag football, soccer, etc.), outdoor (archery, rock climbing, mountain biking), fitness (cycling, yoga, dance, etc.), individual (golf, tennis, bowling, etc.), and water (scuba and swim). Three questions were asked about stress perceptions, five yes or no questions were asked about how students felt about the activity course, and participants were also asked to rate their stress level when arriving to class on a scale of 1-4  and were asked the same about their stress levels leaving the class.



They found from students at both universities that participated in physical activity classes helped students forget their stressors, increased confidence in handling stress and that they left they class activity not feeling as stressed as when they arrived. Overall, this study shows how helpful physical activity can be in the lives of college students who are usually under a lot of stress. The results also showed that students were very satisfied with their physical activity courses, noting that the courses relieved stress and provided an outlet for students to be physically active.




Interestingly, the researchers noted previous studies that found many four year colleges and universities have eliminated or are eliminating physical activity courses for graduation. Requiring students to take these courses could have a positive impact on their overall college experience by providing a healthy and safe outlet to relieve stress. Having healthy outlets and ways to manage stress can help college students make better decisions and have a better college experience overall.

Sharp, E., & Barney, D. (2016). REQUIRED AND NON-REQUIRED COLLEGE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY CLASSES EFFECT ON COLLEGE STUDENTS' STRESS. American Journal Of Health Studies, 31(2), 74-81.

Study Shows that Advertising Products Specifically as "Crowdsourced" on Platforms like Kickstarter Could Increase Sales



Story Highlights:
•"crowdsourced" products appeal more to consumers
•Consumer-ideated goods and services build trust among those who might buy
•This has real market value, and companies are flocking

 People are tired of seeing crazy television ads making wild claims about the capabilities of their new products. Most people know that almost all of these products are based more on marketing than actual quality of design or true capabilities.

However, as crowdsourcing continues to grow as a means for new products to get a footing in the world-wide marketplace, many brand new as well as older companies are looking for alternatives. One new study found that labeling a product as being crowdsourced could go as far as increasing market performance (comparative sales) by up to 20%.



The study was based off of two different experiments that found that merely just marketing a product as being crowdsourced could change consumers' opinions of it. When people were under the impression that a product was crowdsourced, they assumed that it was "customer-ideated" and therefore was designed with the purpose of focusing on the needs of consumers who had reached out about certain issues they had.


"Crowds" of consumers might do a better job of suggesting new ideas for products, as there is often a much larger potential for creativity among the potentially much larger group of consumers than producers in a certain market of products. "Crowdsourcing" platforms are also used to gauge potential interest of new products before they emerge onto the real world marketplace.

The product did not even need to actually be crowdsourced as long as it was marketed as such, according to the study. This numerically quantifiable increase in performance will make a big difference in the marketing world in the next few years. This trend will likely grow and continue to grab mainstream attention until it possibly becomes one of the forefront ways for companies big or small to introduce new products, and increase their sales in the real world.

Television Viewership Data Could Predict Future Election Outcomes


Traditional poll-driven prediction models are not cutting it anymore. After failing to report and predict the outcomes of the 2016 U.S. election and Brexit, many concerned citizens and politicians are losing faith in these traditional methods. We must look to new ways of monitoring these major political events. Thus. predictive models are becoming increasingly valuable in helping politicians understand their strengths and weaknesses while campaigning. This study published in the journal Big Data, compares how critical information derived from television viewership data of partisan and nonpartisan shows could have helped called the outcomes of swing states and more accurately predict the 2016 election. Lacking non-traditional variables like this could result in a vastly different outcome.

Newer big data-driven models are the key to accurately predicting today's political events. Although voter behavior and trends are becoming increasingly complex with the varieties of news outlets, we now have an unprecedented amount of data we can look at to better understand and predict voter decisions. According to the Big Data study, just by looking at 2012 viewership data of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart - a modeled trained on that data could have correctly called 8 out of 10 swing states in the 2012 election. This snapshot gives a glimpse of the predictive potential of taking into account non-traditional data variables like television viewership. Scaling this model to include thousands of other shows, rather than just one, would result in a very valuable variable - one that would not typically be accounted for in traditional poll-driven prediction models.

Predictive tools like data-trained models are incredibly useful. When broken down geographically to individual states and counties, politicians can aim to strengthen their support base and campaign where need be. Big data holds the answers to the future. It is up to data scientists to reliably analyze this data and honestly report it to the public.

Study reveals that young kids know the possible punishments such as unemployment in social media posts

Story Highlights:
-They used participants from different countries and found that even though there were different in what they thought as risky content, people from both countries knew what they were doing when posting
-Participants also know of the possible ramifications like jail or unemployment and still post risky content showing that they weren't naive
-Study was conducted by researchers to see if social media users who post risky online content was not just impulsive decisions

Bloodshed Among Warring Factions in Central African Republic Villages Leaves Dozens of Civilians Dead

Story Highlights:

  • Clashes between rebel groups in the CAR have resulted in dozens of civilian casualties.
  • The murders are called "reprisal killings." Murders of this type occur when one group seeks revenge for the killing of their members by another group.
  • There has yet to be an adequate response to deal with this crisis, whether in the form of humanitarian aid from the UN or government action from the CAR.


Dozens of innocent civilians have died and tens of thousands have fled their homes in the Central African Republic in the past few months after an increase in militant violence among several rebel groups.

The conflict, which stems from a long-lasting rivalry between two splinter cells of the Muslim militant group formerly known as Seleka, the UPC(Union for Peace) and the FPRC(Front for Renaissance), has recently spilled into villages in the Ouaka province of the CAR, an area that has an unfortunate history of violence. This new round of tragedies has caused many civilians in the region to fear for their safety.

Violence in the Central African Republic has increased by over 1000% since the splintering of the Seleka rebel group in 2014. Source:  Peace Insight


According to an investigation conducted by the Human Rights Watch, the rebel groups have taken victims of all ages. One man, under the name "Clement," reported the death of his four children, aged seven months to thirteen years, saying, "We found them there, dead on the mat. They had all been shot" (Human Rights Watch).


 The report categorized these murders and others like them as "reprisal killings," in which one group kills a civilian, causing a more violent response from the other group. In only a few days, this chain of reprisal killings can result in dozens of senseless casualties. 

Even as this violence has taken a severe toll on the people of the CAR, there has yet to be a sufficient local or global response to combat it. Currently, a Special Criminal Court has been appointed to investigate the conflict, yet justice is a slow process. Humanitarian aid to the region has been lacking, as less than 8% of the UN's goal has been contributed by member nations. Whatever the means to alleviate the suffering, something must be done soon to prevent the loss of more innocent lives.