Cell phones created the three forms of Mobile Journalism that exist today: User Generated, Citizen, and Professional

When the cell phone was invented, it was meant to make communication easier and transportable. It is unlikely that, in 1973, anyone expected a phone to become a viable, and primary, form of journalism. As the cell phone developed, many people saw the opportunity for technological convergence on the cell phone, by adding picture, video, and Internet capabilities. 

Rima Marrouch writes in an article for Reuters that, when journalists could not get cameras into the London underground during the 2005 bombing, journalists did not only want footage generated by everyday citizens, but they would depend on it for instantaneous coverage of all kinds of news. Anyone who watches the news today knows that the frequency of cell phone videos, or user generated content, has significantly increased in the past couple of years. In addition, an average citizen narrating a newsworthy event on video and publishing it, or citizen journalism, has also increased.
The smartphone has also created a platform for people to design apps that enhance the professional journalist's capabilities in the field. The Wall Street Journal took full advantage of these capabilities in 2012 by training 400 of their reporters in smartphone video production.

However, professional mobile journalism is the slowest developing because broadcast journalists are still holding steadfast to the higher quality equipment, according to Marrouch. 

While there are challenges to mobile journalism, the smartphone will inevitably continue developing, and the field of journalism will continue to change as the phone converges with more sophisticated production elements. 

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